Today, the concept of “mitigation” has evolved to be applied many types of resources in addition to water. Impacts to endangered species habitat, air quality, noise, stream banks, prime soils, viewsheds, cultural and historic sites, and many other resources are mitigated for a variety of reasons and in a variety of ways. But no matter what type of resource, the basic protocol of “avoid, minimize, compensate” is universally followed to address the impacts of construction, land use changes, and other human actions on the resources.
This paper examines infrastructure mitigation policy and procedures in Texas with particular emphasis on the mitigation of water resources under CWA and endangered species habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). It reviews roles and responsibilities of all levels of governmental and quasi-governmental agencies in implementing mitigation policy, and provides key contact information for the major agencies most cognizant of and involved in mitigation. It also examines the emerging and growing practices of air quality mitigation as they relate to the current Clean Air Act and analyzes likely future impacts of new legislation 3 currently under development by Congress to address global warming as a function of air quality
The preparation of this report has been financed in part through grant[s] from the Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, under the State Planning and Research Program, Section 505 [or Metropolitan Planning Program, Section 104(f)] of Title 23, U.S. Code. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the official views or policy of the U.S. Department of Transportation.